The 5 Basics of Optimal Nutrition

Processed foods are not beneficial for the body, as they contain unhealthy ingredients. Instead, you can opt for whole grains and fresh foods, and avoid empty carbohydrates and fried foods. To give your body more stable energy, try eating 100% whole wheat foods such as whole wheat pasta, brown rice, and whole wheat bread. Nutrients are the substances found in foods that boost biological activity and are essential to the human body.

They are classified into proteins, fats, carbohydrates (sugars, dietary fiber), vitamins and minerals, and perform vital functions. Micronutrients are nutrients that a person needs in small doses and are made up of vitamins and minerals. Although the body only needs small amounts of them, a deficiency can cause health problems. The six essential nutrients are vitamins, minerals, proteins, fats, water and carbohydrates.

Generally, a person who follows a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and lean proteins can get all the vitamins they need in their food. However, people who eat less fruits and vegetables and people with digestive problems may need to take a vitamin supplement to reduce or avoid a deficiency. Optimal nutrition is “eating the right amounts of nutrients on an appropriate schedule to achieve the best performance and the longest possible lifespan in good health.” To put this into practice, you should develop a meal plan that includes all the essential nutrients. Vitamins are essential to human health.

Learn about each of the 13 vitamins, including good sources and how they help. For more detailed resources on vitamins, minerals and supplements, visit our dedicated center.