Good nutrition is essential for a healthy life and plays a key role in reducing the risk of certain diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke, some types of cancer and osteoporosis. It can also help to lower high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, improve your well-being and enhance your ability to fight off illnesses and recover from injury. Nutrients are the substances found in food that are necessary for the body to function properly and can be divided into proteins, fats, carbohydrates (sugars, dietary fiber), vitamins and minerals. Nutrition is an important factor in health and development.
It has been linked to better infant, child and mother health, a stronger immune system, a safer pregnancy and delivery, a lower risk of non-communicable diseases (such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease) and increased longevity. Unhealthy eating habits are now thought to be the leading cause of type 2 diabetes in younger generations, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is therefore essential to educate our children on the importance of a balanced diet. Research has shown that people who are happier tend to eat healthier foods, while those who are feeling down may opt for unhealthy options.
Eating foods that are high in protein, moderate in carbohydrates and low in fat can have a positive effect on mood as they provide an adequate supply of omega-3 fatty acids and iron. Our immune system also needs essential vitamins and minerals to work optimally. By eating a healthy and varied diet, you can ensure that your immune system is functioning at its best and protecting you from diseases and immunodeficiency problems.